The influx of so many men in the colony prompted the King to sponsor young women who were willing to live on the frontier. The filles du roi were given a small dowry and some goods. Our ancestor Jeanne Denot was one of several hundred young women who took advantage of this program.
Daughter of the late Antoine Denot and Catherine Leduc of Paris, Jeanne sailed aboard Le St-Jean-Baptiste de Dieppe, arriving 11 August 1666. She was about 21 years old. Upon her arrival, she was placed under the care of the Ursuline nuns in Québec where she lived for about a year.
On 7 June 1667 she married André Robidou dit l'Espagnol in ville de Québec. He was employed by Eustache Lambert as a voyageur. They would have five children; the first was baptized in Québec in 1669. André traded out various parcels of land but the couple soon settled on a farm in Saint-Lambert.
André died just a few months after the birth of his son Joseph. He was about 40 years old when he died on 1 April 1678, leaving Jeanne after 11 years of marriage with small children ranging in ages from a few months to 9 years.
Jeanne was about 33 when she married our ancestor Jacques Surprenant dit Sansoucy. The wedding occurred in LaPrairie on 16 August 1678 after the three banns announcing their union were posted.
The couple was found in the 1681 LaPrairie census. Jacques, age 37, owned one gun and 2 cows. He had 6 arpens of land cultivated where he lived with his wife Jeanne and 4 children: Jeanne Robidou, 8; Guillaume Robidou, 6; Joseph Robidou, 4; and Marguerite Surprenant, 1.
Our ancestor Pierre Surprenant was born 19 Jan 1683 and baptized two days later. In all the couple would have 8 children, though only 4 survived to marry.
Jacques and others were ordered to testify in a criminal case. Jean Belleville apparently was charged with theft by the tax attorney in Montréal. This occurred on 17 November 1676.
The Battle of LaPrairie.
La Prairie was attacked in the summer of 1691 by a force led by Major Pieter Schuyler out of New York. The English and their Mohawk and Mahican allies surprised the settlement during a rainy predawn assault on August 11th.
Jacques, a seasoned veteran, no doubt helped repel the enemy forces and along with our ancestor Mathieu Gervais, saw them retreat from the fort at LaPrairie. As they raced to the Richelieu River they were met by Philippe Clément du Vault de la Valrennes, Captain of the colonial troops in Canada. After a bout of bloody hand-to-hand combat, the enemy broke through and fled back to Albany, leaving the French with a victory.
Pierre married Anne Têtu on 27 November 1702. His mother Jeanne Denot had died in 1701 at about age 56. Jacques was 60 when he died on 16 July 1710.
- Jetté, René, Dictionnaire généalogique des familles du Quebec des origines à 1730 (Montréal: Les Presses de l'Université de Montréal, 1983)
- (Judgment ordering Jacques Lemoine (Lemoyne), Pierre Cerclé, Jean Moreau and Jacques Surprenant dit Sansoucy to be heard as witnesses in a criminal case filed by the Montreal bailiff against Jean Belleville, charged with theft by the Montréal tax attorney (03Q , TP1, S28, P1344))
- poem extract from: https://www.bartleby.com/246/1212.html